googlesheets4 1.1.1

googlesheets4 1.1.0

Syncing up with gargle

Version 1.3.0 of gargle introduced some changes around OAuth and googlesheets4 is syncing with up that:


gs4_auth() now warns if the user specifies both email and path, because this is almost always an error.

googlesheets4 1.0.1

The mere existence of an invalid named range no longer prevents googlesheets4 from dealing with a Sheet (#175).

googlesheets4 now understands that Google Sheets can have 10 million cells (up from 5 million) (#257).

Internal matters

Help files below man/ have been re-generated, so that they give rise to valid HTML5. (This is the impetus for this release, to keep the package safely on CRAN.)

Examples now use @examplesIf to express when a token or an interactive session is required for successful execution.

Errors have been revised to (more often) reveal the most appropriate call, i.e. the high-level function called by the user as opposed to an internal helper (#255).

Informative messages now route through cli::cli_inform(), instead of cli::cli_bullets().

googlesheets4 1.0.0

User interface

The user interface has gotten more stylish, thanks to the cli package (

All informational messages, warnings, and errors are now emitted via cli, which uses rlang’s condition functions under-the-hood. googlesheets4 now throws errors with class "googlesheets4_error" (#12).

googlesheets4_quiet is a new option to suppress informational messages from googlesheets4 (#163). Unless it’s explicitly set to TRUE, the default is to message.

local_gs4_quiet() and with_gs4_quiet() are withr-style convenience helpers for setting googlesheets4_quiet = TRUE.

Other changes

The deprecated sheets_*() functions have now been removed, as promised in the warning they have been throwing for over a year. No functionality has been removed, this is just the result of the function (re-)naming scheme adopted in googlesheets4 >= 0.2.0. More details are in this developer documentation.

The na argument of read_sheet() has become more capable and more consistent with readr. Specifically, na = character() (or the general lack of "" among the na strings) results in cells with no data appearing as the empty string "" within a character vector, as opposed to NA (#174).

Explicit NULLs are now written properly, i.e. as an empty cell (#203).

sheet_append() no longer touches any aspect of cell formatting other than numberFormat (#204).

gs4_example() and gs4_examples() now learn the example Sheet ids from a Google Sheet. This should not change anything for users, but it means there is an API call the first time either of these functions is called.

Dependency changes

R 3.4 is now the oldest version that is explicitly supported and tested, as per the tidyverse policy.

googlesheets4 0.3.0

All requests are now made with retry capability. Specifically, when a request fails due to a 429 RESOURCE_EXHAUSTED error, it is retried a few times, with suitable delays. Note that if it appears that you personally have exhausted your quota (more than 100 requests in 100 seconds), the initial waiting time is 100 seconds and this indicates you need to get your own OAuth app or service account.

When googlesheets4 and googledrive are used together in the same session, we alert you if you’re logged in to these package with different Google identities.

gs4_get() retrieves information about protected ranges.

googlesheets4 0.2.0

googlesheets4 can now write and modify Sheets.

Several new articles are available at

Function naming scheme

The universal sheets_ prefix has been replaced by a scheme that conveys more information about the scope of the function. There are three prefixes:

The addition of write/edit functionality resulted in many new functions and the original naming scheme proved to be problematic. The article Function and class names contains more detail.

Any function present in the previous CRAN release, v0.1.1, still works, but triggers a warning with strong encouragement to switch to the current name.

Write Sheets

googlesheets4 now has very broad capabilities around Sheet creation and modification. These functions are ready for general use but are still marked experimental, as they may see some refinement based on user feedback.

(Work)sheet operations

The sheet_*() family of functions operate on the (work)sheets inside an existing (spread)Sheet:

Range operations

range_speedread() reads from a Sheet using its “export=csv” URL and, therefore, uses readr-style column type specification. It still supports fairly general range syntax and auth. For very large Sheets, this can be substantially faster than read_sheet().

range_read_cells() (formerly known as sheets_cells()) gains two new arguments that make it possible to get more data on more cells. By default, we get only the fields needed to parse cells that contain values. But range_read_cells(cell_data = "full", discard_empty = FALSE) is now available if you want full cell data, including formatting, even for cells that have no value (#4).

range_autofit() adjusts column width or row height to fit the data. This only affects the display of a sheet and does not change values or dimensions.

Printing a Sheet ID

The print method for sheets_id objects now attempts to reveal the current Sheet metadata available via gs4_get(), i.e. it makes an API call (but it should never error).

Other changes and additions

gs_formula() implements a vctrs S3 class for storing Sheets formulas.

gs4_fodder() is a convenience function that creates a filler data frame you can use to make toy sheets you’re using to practice on or for a reprex.

Renamed classes

The S3 class sheets_Spreadsheet is renamed to googlesheets4_spreadsheet, a consequence of rationalizing all internal and external classes (detailed in the article Function and class names). googlesheets4_spreadsheet is the class that holds metadata for a Sheet and it is connected to the API’s Spreadsheet schema. The return value of gs4_get() has this class.

Bug fixes

googlesheets4 0.1.1

googlesheets4 0.1.0