bbotk: Black-Box Optimization Toolkit

Features highly configurable search spaces via the 'paradox' package and optimizes every user-defined objective function. The package includes several optimization algorithms e.g. Random Search, Iterated Racing, Bayesian Optimization (in 'mlr3mbo') and Hyperband (in 'mlr3hyperband'). bbotk is the base package of 'mlr3tuning', 'mlr3fselect' and 'miesmuschel'.

Version: 1.0.0
Depends: paradox (≥ 1.0.0), R (≥ 3.1.0)
Imports: checkmate (≥ 2.0.0), data.table, lgr, methods, mlr3misc (≥ 0.15.1), R6
Suggests: adagio, emoa, GenSA, irace (≥ 3.5), knitr, nloptr, progressr, processx, redux, rmarkdown, testthat (≥ 3.0.0), rush
Published: 2024-06-28
DOI: 10.32614/CRAN.package.bbotk
Author: Marc Becker ORCID iD [cre, aut], Jakob Richter ORCID iD [aut], Michel Lang ORCID iD [aut], Bernd Bischl ORCID iD [aut], Martin Binder [aut], Olaf Mersmann [ctb]
Maintainer: Marc Becker <marcbecker at>
License: LGPL-3
NeedsCompilation: yes
Language: en-US
Materials: README NEWS
CRAN checks: bbotk results


Reference manual: bbotk.pdf
Vignettes: bbotk: A brief introduction


Package source: bbotk_1.0.0.tar.gz
Windows binaries: r-devel:, r-release:, r-oldrel:
macOS binaries: r-release (arm64): bbotk_1.0.0.tgz, r-oldrel (arm64): bbotk_0.8.0.tgz, r-release (x86_64): bbotk_1.0.0.tgz, r-oldrel (x86_64): bbotk_0.8.0.tgz
Old sources: bbotk archive

Reverse dependencies:

Reverse imports: counterfactuals, miesmuschel, mlr3fselect, mlr3hyperband, mlr3mbo, mlr3tuning, mlr3verse, mlrintermbo, sense
Reverse suggests: CryptRndTest, DoubleML, mlr3pipelines, mlr3spatiotempcv, mlr3tuningspaces, mlr3viz


Please use the canonical form to link to this page.