`synthesizer`

Package version 0.3.0.

Use `citation('synthesizer')`

to cite the package.

`synthetiser`

is an R package for quickly and easily synthesizing data. It also provides a few basic functions based on pMSE to measure some utility of the synthesized data.

The package supports numerical, categorical/ordinal, and mixed data and also correctly takes account of missing values.

At the moment the method used seems promising but we are working on investigating where the method shines and where it fails. So we have no guarantees yet on utility, privacy, and so on. Having said that, our preliminary results are promising, and using the package is very easy.

The latest CRAN release can be installed as follows.

`install.packages("synthesizer")`

Next, the package can be loaded. You can use `packageVersion`

(from base R) to check which version you have installed.

We will use the `iris`

dataset, that is built into R.

```
> data(iris)
> head(iris)
Sepal.Length Sepal.Width Petal.Length Petal.Width Species
1 5.1 3.5 1.4 0.2 setosa
2 4.9 3.0 1.4 0.2 setosa
3 4.7 3.2 1.3 0.2 setosa
4 4.6 3.1 1.5 0.2 setosa
5 5.0 3.6 1.4 0.2 setosa
6 5.4 3.9 1.7 0.4 setosa
```

Creating a synthetic version of this dataset is easy.

To compare the datasets we can make some side-by-side scatterplots.

Although the synthesized dataset shows more variance, it does mimic the cluster structure of the original dataset.

By default, `synthesize`

will return a dataset of the same size as the input dataset. However it is possible to ask for any number of records.

The pMSE method is a popular way of measuring the quality of a dataset. The idea is to train a model to predict whether a record is synthetic or not. The mean squared error of prediction is the measure, so smaller is better.

Synthetic data is prepared as follows.

Given an original dataset with *n* records:

- For each numeric variable in the dataset, determine the empirical inverse cumulative density function (ECDF), and use linear interpolation to interpolate between the data points. The observed minimum and maximum are also the minimum and maximum of the synthetic univariate distribution. Sample
*n*values using inverse transform sampling with the linear interpolated inverse ECDF. Missing values are taken into account by sampling them proportional to their occurrence. - For each categorical or logical variable, sample
*n*values with replacement. - Reorder the synthetic dataset such that the rank order combinations of the synthetic data match those of the original dataset.

If less than *m* < *n* records are needed, sample *m* records uniformly from the dataset just created. If *m* > *n* records are needed, create ⌈*m*/*n*⌉ synthetic datasets of size *m* and sample uniformly *m* records from the combined data sets.