Full reference to all functions available at `grafify`

GitHub pages.

The reason this is a major update is that now `ggplot2`

version 3.4.0 or higher is required to avoid errors with
`grafify`

. The main difference is that `size`

argument for line widths has been updated to `linewidth`

.

It is easier to plot 2-way ANOVA designs with or without blocking factors in this version with the following updates. There are two new

`plot_...`

functions for 1-way and 2-way designs.`plot_4d_`

functions can now plot 2-way ANOVAs even if the`shapes`

argument is not provided. Graph is plotted with`shape = 21`

as default.`plot_4d_point_sd`

and`plot_3d_point_sd`

functions for plotting 2-way and 1-way ANOVAs without or with blocking factors as mean and SD/SEM/CI95 error bars.

- Fixed the double
`{{`

in`theme_grafify`

. - Added
`hjust`

and`vjust`

arguments to`theme_grafify`

to adjust text alignment when angles are changed. - Several tests were rewritten to comply with
`ggplot2`

update.

`theme_grafify`

updates:`lineend = square`

as default for better-looking origin- transparent backgrounds throughout the plot
- this theme is now applied to all
`grafify`

plots by default - all text size on the graph is now the same as the
`basesize`

(default 20)

New arguments in violin plots (

`plot_dotviolin`

,`plot_scatterviolin`

,`plot_3d_scatterviolin`

and`plot_4d_scatterviolin`

): two separate arguments`bthick`

and`vthick`

to set the line widths of the boxes and violins, respectively. The previous`bvthick`

will still work, so if a value is provided that will be used for line widths of both boxes and violins.New argument for two-way ANOVA graphs (

`plot_4d_`

): the`group_wid`

can be used to change the space between groups along the X-axis (i.e., dodge width). Default`group_wid = 0.8`

will produce graphs that look similar to those in previous versions of`grafify`

. If`group_wid`

is set to 0, there will be no dodging of the factors along X-axis.New arguments in before-after plots (i.e.,

`plot_befafter_`

):`bthick`

and`lthick`

arguments can change line and box line widths independently.

- For consistency, the default width (
`bwid`

argument) of bars and boxes in`plot_4d_`

functions is set as`0.7`

. - Parts of code rewritten for many plot functions to make them shorter and simpler.
`log10`

tick marks:- In all
`plot_`

functions: the tick marks now scale with the`fontsize`

parameter. Previously, the sizes were set to “cm” units, which did not scale correctly. The long tick mark, middle and short ticks are sized:`7*fontsize/22`

,`4*fontsize/22`

and`4*fontsize/22`

, respectively (note that the short and mid are the same size). The size (line width) equals`fontsize/22`

, which is the same throughout`grafify`

. - For consistency and usefulness, the
`plot_logscales`

function also has the above defaults and now has`fontsize = 20`

as an additional argument and sizes scale accordingly. - Colour of
`log10`

tick marks have the same colour as ticks on non-transformed axis (`grey20`

).

- In all

`plot_point_sd`

now allows all data points to be shown. All points will be plotted with`geom_point`

if the`all_alpha`

setting (opacity for all symbols) is set >0 (it is set to 0 so default graphs will only show the mean of all values). There are also options for`all_size`

and`all_jitter`

to adjust size and overlap.- SD, SEM or CI95 error bars are now possible through the
`ErrorType`

argument (default is “SD” error bars) in`plot_dotbar_sd`

,`plot_scatterbar_sd`

,`plot_point_sd`

,`plot_3d_scatterbar`

and`plot_4d_scatterbar`

.

- Y-axis labels fixed for
`plot_lm_predict`

which used to label Y-axis as`pred`

rather than the correct name of the plotted variable. - Fixed the example for
`theme_grafify`

. - Re-written
`plog_qqline`

based on`stat_qq`

and`stat_qqline`

. - Also re-written
`plot_histogram`

which was throwing up warning messages after`ggplot2`

update. For uniformity with other`grafify`

graphs, histograms now have a black border (like symbol borders in dot/scatter plots). `groups`

argument, which was deprecated several versions before, has been removed from before-after functions.`plot_bar_sd`

deprecated as similar graphs can be plotted with`plot_scatterbar_sd`

with`s_alpha = 0`

.- Fixed an error in
`scale_colour_grafify`

, which broke in v3.0.0. `SingleColour`

argument can now take base R colour names (e.g., “grey25”) in addition to previously available options.`plot_grafify_palette`

can now also plot the quantitative colour schemes.

This is a major update for `grafify`

, which now provides
wrappers for basic generalised additive models (`gam`

)
through the `mgcv`

package. There are a more `plot_`

functions, a
`grafify`

theme for `ggplot`

objects, and simple
data wrangling before plotting. There are also updates within all
`plot_`

functions, which are a `facet`

argument,
and log-transformations with axis tick marks.

Fit generalised additive models (gam) and get ANOVA tables with two new functions:

`ga_model`

and`ga_anova`

. These are mainly for time-series analyses or where an assumption of linear relationship between predictor and outcomes is absent straight lines are not appropriate. Factor-wise smooths are fit with the`by`

argument in`mgcv`

, without or with a random factor. Random factors are also allowed with smooth`re`

smooth. See documentation for`mgcv`

smooths. Model diagnostics can be done with`plot_qq_gam`

and`plot_qq_model`

. Example data included as`data_zooplankton`

is from Lathro RC, 2000.All

`plot_`

functions now have two major updates:- Log-transformation of axes: Axes can be transformed with
`log10`

or`log2`

with`LogYTrans`

and`LogXTrans`

arguments. X axis transformations are only available for`plot_xy_CatGroup`

and`plot_xy_NumGroup`

. With`log10`

transformation, log-ticks will also appear. Default axes limits and labels should work in most cases, but if needed, three additional arguments are available:`LogYBreaks`

,`LogYLimits`

and`LogYLabels`

(and respective ones for the X axis). `facet`

argument to add another variable to created faceted plots with the`facet_wrap`

layer in`ggplot2`

. A related argument`facet_scales`

can be used to set Y or X axis scales on faceted panels.

- Log-transformation of axes: Axes can be transformed with
New plot functions:

`plot_befafter_box`

is a new before-after plot function that includes a box and whisker plot to show data distribution in addition to lines joining matched data. In addition, both`plot_befafter_colour`

and`plot_befafter_shapes`

offer a box and whiskers summary of data.`plot_lm_predict`

and`plot_gam_predict`

can be used to plot observed (raw) data and predicted data from fitted linear models.`plot_logscales`

is a function to easily perform “log10” or “log2” transformation on X or Y axes of any`ggplot2`

object along with log-ticks.

Table manipulations:

`table_x_reorder`

is a function to reorder levels within a categorical variable. This uses`factor`

from base R`stats`

package to convert a column into a factor and reorders it based on a user-provided vector of group names.`table_summary`

is a wrapper around`aggregate`

(base R) function, which gives mean, median, SD, and counts grouped by one or more variables.

A

`grafify`

theme for`ggplot2`

:`theme_grafify`

is a modification of`theme_classic`

for making publication-ready`grafify`

-like graphs easily when using`ggplot2`

.

Much of the code has been edited and cleaned up. Among the main
change is dropping unnecessary double curly brackets `{{ }}`

within `plot_`

wrappers.

The main motivation behind this update was to simplify the package by
reducing the number of exported functions. So some features that were
previously in separate functions have been made available more easily
via an additional argument to existing functions (e.g. single colour
function (`plot_..._sc`

) now offered in respective
`plot_`

function with a new argument (see below). This has
uncluttered the namespace of `grafify`

. Most of the other
additions are related to colour schemes.

A new

`SingleColour`

argument has been added to two-variables`plot_`

functions to generate graphs with a single colour along the X-axis aesthetic. This means the 8`plot_..._sc`

functions introduced in v1.5.0 are deprecated, but this feature is still retained in existing`plot_`

functions. This option also added to`plot_3d_`

functions for plots of one-way ANOVA data.Four new colourblind-friendly categorical colour schemes (chosen from cols4all package):

`fishy`

,`kelly`

,`r4`

,`safe`

Four new quantitative schemes for continuous or divergent colours.

- sequential/continuous:
`blue_conti`

,`grey_conti`

- divergent:
`OrBl_div`

,`PrGn_div`

- sequential/continuous:

All schemes also available through `scale_fill..`

and
`scale_colour_...`

calls to be used on any
`ggplot2`

object.

`scale_fill_grafify`

and`scale_colour_grafify`

(or`scale_color_grafify`

) have been rewritten. These have two new arguments that offer features previously in`scale_fill_grafify2`

/`scale_colour_grafify2`

/`scale_color_grafify_c`

and`scale_fill_grafify_c`

/`scale_colour_grafify_c`

/`scale_color_grafify_C`

scale functions. These 6 functions are now deprecated to reduce exported namespace.

The new arguments are `discrete`

(logical T/F) to select
discrete or continuous palettes, and `ColSeq`

(logical T/F)
to pick sequential or distant colours from a chosen palette.

- Fixed the error in legend title in one-way ANOVA plots with
`plot_3d_`

that incorrectly referred to`xcol`

and`shapes`

arguments. - Fixed the error that led to depiction of different shapes in
`plot_3d_scatterviolin`

as compared to the other two`plot_3d_`

functions. `posthoc_Trends...`

functions rewritten with`stats::model.frame()`

to get model data frame as this is a more flexible method.- Order of colours in
`light`

,`bright`

and`muted`

schemes changed slightly for better separation of colours when next to each other. - The
`jitter`

setting in`plot_scaltter_`

is set to`0.2`

so the graph as plotted with jitter by default.

- The default colour scheme for all graphs is now
`okabe_ito`

(the`all_grafify`

palette is was just a concatenation of all palettes without real basis in good visualisation). Use one of the other palettes if more than 8 colours are needed (e.g.`kelly`

, which has 20 discreet colours).

`plot_3d_scatterviolin`

and
`plot_4d_scatterviolin`

for one-way or two-way ANOVA design
data to plot scatter plots with violins with box and whiskers.

`plot_qqmodel`

no longer relies on
`broom.mixed`

; instead uses `rstudent`

from the
base `stats`

package to generate studentized residuals from a
model.

New experimental functions to compare slopes of linear regression via
`posthoc_Trends_Pairwise`

,
`posthoc_Trends_Levelwise`

and
`posthoc_Trends_vsRef`

.

Minor changes to `plot_qqmodel`

and
`plot_qqline`

to fix some OS-specific errors. QQ plots by
default will have `ok_orange`

colour within symbols when only
one level is present within `group`

. Both functions now use
`geom_qq`

and `geom_qq_line`

(instead of
`stat_qq`

and `stat_qq_line`

) internally.

This is a major update with some new features, bugfixes, and further
cleaning up of code with consistent names of arguments in preparation
for CRAN submission. Some previous code may not work because of renaming
of some arguments for grouping variables in `plot_`

functions. But older arguments are retained with deprecation warnings in
most cases, so old code should largely work.

`plot_`

functions have a new argument`ColSeq`

(logical TRUE/FALSE) that picks colours sequentially from palette chosen by`ColPal`

when`TRUE`

(default). If set to`FALSE`

, the most distant colours are chosen, as already implemented in`scale_..._grafify2`

functions.- Violin plots get a major face-lift with a box-whiskers plot on top
of the violin. This gives a clearer picture of data and dispersion than
the default quantile lines in
`geom_violin`

. They also get new arguments to set thickness of lines (`bvthick`

) and transparency of boxplots (`b_alpha`

). - There are new functions for fitting linear models with varying
slopes and intercepts. These are
`mixed_model_slopes`

and`mixed_anova_slopes`

. - A function for comparing slopes of linear fits
`posthoc_Trends`

implements the`emmeans::emtrends`

call.

- Most
`plot_`

functions now have the`...`

argument forwarding dots for advanced users to add arguments to`ggplot`

geometries where necessary. - New
`plot_grafify_palette`

function that helps quickly visualise colours in palettes along with their names and hexcodes. `plot_bar_sd`

and`plot_bar_sd_sc`

have a new argument`bthick`

to adjust the thickness of lines of the bars.

- Distribution plots: the The
`Group`

grouping argument in`plot_density`

,`plot_histogram`

and`plot_qqline`

is now called`group`

for consistency with other`plot_`

functions. - The
`Factor`

argument in post-hoc comparisons functions (`posthoc_Pairwise`

,`posthoc_vsRes`

, and`posthoc_Levelwise`

) renamed as`Fixed_Factor`

to be consistent with`mixed_model`

,`simple_model`

,`mixed_anova`

and`simple_anova`

functions. - The
`plot_3d_scatterbar`

and`plot_3d_scatterbox`

now correctly plot one-way ANOVA designs with randomised blocks with`shapes`

mapped to levels of the random factor, and`xcol`

as the grouping factor as originally intended but incorrectly implemented. This complements`plot_4d_scatterbar`

and`plot_4d_scatterbox`

which take two grouping factors and a random factor. - Examples in help files have arguments explicitly labelled to make them easier to follow.
`groups`

in before-after plots is now called`match`

as it is a bit more informative when showing matched data.- For consistency, the argument for controlling opacity in
distribution plots is renamed
`c_alpha`

in`plot_density`

and`plot_histogram`

(for colour opacity of colours under the density curve or histogram); opacity of symbols in`plot_qqline`

is still called`s_alpha`

.

This update fixes and cleans up code to remove all errors, warnings
and notes from `devtools::check()`

. All previous code should
still work.

- The main update is that
`broom.mixed::augment`

is used to get model residuals than the`fortify`

method as this will be deprecated soon. The`broom.mixed`

package therefore required. - The way ANOVA table is generated no longer relies on an internal
function from
`lmerTest`

, but instead forces a mixed model object as`lmerModLmerTest`

object to get F and P values in ANOVA tables from the`stats::anova`

call. - The
`magrittr`

package is required for internal use of pipes (`%>%`

).

- Much of the code for
`simple_model`

and`mixed_model`

was cleaned up so that model outputs are as close to objects generated by native calls to`lm`

or`lmer`

.

- Several internal functions related to the colour palettes have now been exported as this was easier.
- The
`make_1w_rb_data`

and`make_2w_rb_data`

functions have been updated to have consistent factor and level names.

- New graph types

This version has 8 new `plot_`

functions ending in
`_sc`

for plotting data with two variables wherein the X
variable is plotted in a single colour. This contrasts existing versions
that plot the X variable with multiple colours chosen from the
`all_grafify`

palette. This is convenient when there are too
many groups on the X axis and multiple colours are not necessary.

- Plotting Q-Q plot of model residuals

`plot_qqmodel`

will plot a diagnostic Q-Q plot of a simple
linear model (generated with `simple_model`

or
`lm`

) or mixed effects linear model (generated with
`mixed_model`

or `lmer`

) in a single step.

Fixed a typo in `posthoc_Levelwise`

where the
`adjust`

argument was not being correctly passed on to
`emmeans`

.

This version “breaks” a few arguments from v0.3.1, therefore is
v1.4.1. Specifically, opacity for both symbols and bars/boxes/violins
can be set using `s_alpha`

and `b_alpha`

or
`v_alpha`

, respectively; previously, only bars/boxes/violin
opacity could be set with a single `alpha`

parameter. Old
code with just `alpha`

will no longer work, sorry! There are
also new graph types and arguments for ANOVAs as below.

New graph types

`plot_density`

and`plot_histogram`

for smooth density or histogram plots through`geom_density`

and`geom_histogram`

respectively.- two new plot types
`plot_scatterbox`

and`plot_scatterviolin`

that complement the`plot_dot...`

versions and instead use`geom_point`

with`position_jitter`

. These versions are useful when a large number of data points are needed to be plotted.

Updates

`simple_anova`

where the table also has Mean SS.`mixed_anova`

now has two new arguments, one to change method for Df calculation and second to get type I or III SS (default is type II).`jitter`

argument added to`plot_3d..`

and`plot_4d..`

functions for consistency with other scatter plots.`bwid`

argument (for adjusting width of bars) added to`plot_scatterbar_sd`

for consistency.

Bug fixes in `mixed_model`

and `simple_model`

which now correctly lists the data used in the call field.

- A new
`plot_4d_scatterbar`

function which is like`plot_4d_scatterbox`

but plots bar and SD. So there are now two`plot_3d_`

and`plot_4d_`

functions. - Text on X-axis on all graphs can be rotated from 0-90 using
`TextXAngle`

argument to prevent overlap. `plot_dot_`

functions now have`dotthick`

option to set stroke thickness. This is similar to`symthick`

for scatter/jitter plots.- Using
`facet_wrap`

or`facet_grid`

will not draw a box around panel text (unlike the default in`theme_classic()`

). `plot_3d_`

and`plot_4d_`

functions draw symbols in black colour.

- Bug fixes in
`plot_3d_scatterbar`

and`plot_3d_scatterbox`

, which now correctly use the “shapes” variable to fill colour of bars/boxes and shape of the symbols; symbols are depicted in black. `simple_anova`

generates type II ANOVA table through`car::Anova()`

, so the`car`

package is now a dependency. v0.1.0 and v0.2.0 generated type I ANOVA table through`stats::anova()`

.

- the main difference from v0.1.0 is that all
`plot_`

functions apply the`all_grafify`

colour scheme by default (see`plot_`

vignettes on how to change colours) - two new types of graphs are possible with two quantitative X-Y plots
with a third variable that is either numeric
(
`plot_xy_NumGroup`

) or categorical (`plot_xy_CatGroup`

). - there are two new continuous colour schemes
(
`scale_fill_grafify_c`

and`scale_colour_grafify_c`

), based on Paul Tol’s variant of YlOrBl scheme.

`plot_befafter...`

functions have a new logical TRUE/FALSE argument called`boxplot`

to additionally show a box and whisker plot to show data distribution.

First release.